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Яндекс.Погода

Самарканд

Sweet to ride forth at evening from the wells
When shadows pass gigantic on the sand,
And softly through the silence beat the bells
Along the Golden Road to Samarkand.

We travel not for trafficking alone:
By hotter winds our fiery hearts are fanned:
For lust of knowing what should not be known
We make the Golden Journey to Samarkand.

 

The Mirror of the World, the Garden of the Soul, the Jewel of Islam, the Pearl of the East, the Centre of the Universe. Another name, City of Famous shadows, reveals Samarkand as witness to the full sweep of Central Asian history.

Samarkand is situated in the valley of the river Zarafshan. It is the second largest city of Uzbekistan and is of the same age as the city of Babylon or Rome. The history of Samarkand is about 2,500 years old and has witnessed a lot of upheavals during the times of Alexander the Great, the Arabic Conquest, Genghis-Khan Conquest and lastly Tamerlane's. Hence, the culture of Samarkand was developed and mixed together with the Iranian, Indian, Mongolian and a bit of the Western and Eastern cultures. Majestic and beautiful city Samarkand has a marvelous and attractive power. Poets and historians of the past called it "Rome of the East, The beauty of sublunary countries, the pearl of the Eastern Moslem World". Its advantageous geographical position in Zarafshan valley put Samarkand to the first place among cities of Central Asia.

 

There are cities which centuries-old history embodies the history of whole nation and countries, reflecting the way passed by many generations. Such is Samarkand-one of the most ancient city in the world. As other first centres of human civilization-Babylon and Memphis, Athens and Rome, Alexandria and Byzantium-Samarkand was intended to go through rapid events and shakes.

In VII century the city suffered from the Arab conquerors, the inhabitants were expelled from their homes and Samarkand was populated by Arabian tribes.
Propagation of the new religion was not easy, Islam had more success among the merchants.
In the XIV century Samarkand became the capital of Timurids’ empire and the largest economic and cultural centre of the Mawarannahr.
The rising of Samarkand is associated with the name of Amir Temur, an exceptional man who has many merits.
Having made Samarkand the capital, Amir Temur gathered here captured craftsmen, artists, architects, scientists from different cities as Khorezm, Isfahan, Shiraz, Aleppo and others who took part in construction of palaces, mosques, madrassah, and mausoleums. The Spanish ambassador Gonzalez de Clavijo was struck by Temur’s passion for constructions in Samarkand, Shakhrisabz and other cities.
Such monuments of medieval Samarkand as Bibi Khanum mosque; the Registan ensemble which consists of three madrassah: Ulug Beg, Tillya-Kari, Shir Dor; Gur Emir Mausoleum and of cause Shah-i-Zindah still admire the tourists by their shapes, the harmony of colours, exact engineering calculations, ingenious ideas of architects and craftsmen.

Today Samarkand is one of the economic and cultural centres of Uzbekistan with the developed infrastructure of international and local tourism.

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