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Khiva

Khiva – a museum in the open air – is the only city in all of Central Asia that has survived in its entirety from old times. Various historic epochs have left their traces in Khiva, built over many centuries in the ancient cultural oasis of Khorazm.

Khiva - is a lot of centuries became a place in which stopped thirsty travellers. Minarets of city involved caravans which represented a significant source of the income as beacons. Khiva does not concede the magnificent cities of the Silk Road, however city is in competition with such medieval cities as Samarkand and Bukhara. Here you feel transferred in the past: close lanes, low apartment houses and set of mosques, the mausoleums and madrassah.

 

Khorezm has a very long history, only a few civilizations could be compared with it. Hundred years before the Great Silk Road appeared, ancient Khorezm had had links with Europe and the East, with Siberia and southern civilizations. It is a cradle of three civilizations formed in Uzbekistan.

The Khorezm Khanate was very famous in the fourth century, BC. It was very powerful state. Fairy-tale like city Khiva has managed to retain its exotic image of an Oriental town in the older part of the city called Ichan Kala. Ichan Kala is a place where all the monuments of architecture are located. Among them there are the Kunya Ark citadel and the Tash Hauli Palace, residence of the Khan, which had been preserved intact along with its ornate gates. Besides, Ichan Kala displays simplicity and monumentality of medieval architectural forms, the delicateness of woodcarvings, and skilled interweaving of ornamentation. The silhouettes of its towering minarets, hemmed in by clay built houses with their flat roofs and surrounded by the fortress's powerful clay built walls, give a clear idea of a typical Central Asian feudal city.

 

In 1967 it was proclaimed a town-reserve and since 1990 one part of Khiva — the Ichan Kala — was recognized by UNESCO as an historical monument of world significance.

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